11/14/2013

Do you eat enough carrots?



1 large (70 g) carrot has 30 kcal, only 0,2 g fat, 1 g protein, 2002 IU vitamin A, 4,2 mg vitamin C, 10 mcg vitamin K, 24 mg calcium, 25 mg phosphorus, 230 mg potassium, 50 mg sodium.


10/31/2013

Pumpkin soup



1 bowl - Calories: 260, total fat 11g (omega 3- 0,3 g) cholesterol 40mg, protein 5g, vitamin A 2930 IU, vitamin B6 0,5mg, vitamin B5 1,1mg, vitamin C 18m, vitamin B3 3mg, vitamin B1 0,2mg, sodium 1g, copper 0,3mg, phosphorus 132mg, potassium 860mg, manganese 0,4mg, magnesium 47mg, calcium 72mg, zinc 0,8mg.

10/08/2013

9/24/2013

Drugs that increase appetite and weight gain



Many medications stimulate appetite and lead to weight gain. Patients complain of a ravenous appetite and the inability to feel full. Weight gains of 40 to 60 lb (15-30 kg) in a few months are not uncommon. 

9/11/2013

Blood test - cholesterol


A complete cholesterol test — also called a lipid panel or lipid profile — is a blood test that can measure the amount of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. Knowing your cholesterol levels is an essential part of understanding your own risk for heart disease. High cholesterol levels usually don't cause any signs or symptoms, so a cholesterol test is an important tool. The American Heart Association recommends that everyone over age 20 get a cholesterol test. Experts recommend follow-up cholesterol testing every five years for most people. People with abnormal lipid panels, or who have other risk factors, may need more frequent cholesterol exams.

8/23/2013

Urine test - what you should know



The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys take out waste material, minerals, fluids, and other substances from the blood to be passed in the urine. Urine has hundreds of different body wastes. By examining urine, indications for diseases of the urinary system can be detected. Urine tests are very useful for providing information to assist in the diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of a wide range of diseases. Urine test can also provide evidence of metabolic diseases like diabetes or liver disease. 

8/20/2013

Understanding blood test



Blood tests alone can't be used to diagnose many diseases or medical problems. But blood tests can help you and your doctor learn more about your health. Blood tests also can help find potential problems early, when treatments or lifestyle changes may work best.


8/08/2013

Is organic food healthier?


The popularity of organic and natural foods continues to increase with the growth of ethical consumerism. Environmental, social and political issues are as important as nutrition in organic farming and whether a consumer decides to go organic. The organic food industry and sales are growing at the rate of 20% per year.

7/30/2013

Must in adolescent nutrition


The nutrient and energy needs of teenagers are higher than those of any other age group and they need to follow a healthy, balanced diet to promote growth and development. Estimated energy requirements vary greatly among males and females because of variations in growth rate, body composition, and physical activity level. Energy requirements are calculated using and adolescent’s gender, age, height, weight and physical activity level, with an additional 25 kcal/day added for energy deposition or growth. Adequacy of energy intake is best assessed by monitoring weight and BMI among adolescents. The energy, protein and fat requirements increase as your child reaches 15 and moves on towards adulthood. On average, boys require about 2800 calories per day, and girls, 2200 calories per day.

7/23/2013

20 teens-friendly healthy snacks


Snack
calories
Fat, g
Calcium, mg
Iron, mg
Zinc, mg
Folate, µg
Frozen yogurt, flavors not chocolate, ½ cup
71
0,5
108
0
0,3
8,2
Fruit and juice bar, 3 fl oz
80
0,1
4,6
0,2
0
6,4
Milk, skim, with added vitamins A and D, 1 cup
103
2,4
305
0,1
1
12,2
Pretzels, soft, 1 small
210
2
14,3
2,4
0,6
15
1 apple, slieced, with peanut butter, 2 tbsp
226
16
17
0,7
1
25
English muffin, whole wheat
134
1,4
175
2
1,1
33
Popcorn, air popped, 1 oz
110
1,3
2
1
1
9
Orange
100
0,5
114
1,3
0,2
48
1 large pita bread with 3 tbsp hummus
240
5
69
3
1,3
102
Cheese string
69
5
149
0,1
0,5
3,2
1 baked potato with 2 tbsp salsa sauce
156
0,2
19
0,7
0,5
16
Graham crackers, plain or honey, 1 oz
120
2,9
7
1,1
0,2
13
Trail mix, unsalted, 1 oz
131
8,3
23
1
1
20
Pumpkin and squash seed kernels, without salt, 1 oz
163
14
15
4
2,2
17
Baby carrots, 3 oz with ranch dressing, 1 tbsp
60
2
33
1
0,2
24
Banana
105
0,4
6
0,3
0,2
24
Granola bar, oat, fruits and nut, 1 oz
113
1,8
10
1,5
0,5
46
Rice cakes, 2
71
0,8
2
0,3
0,5
4
Zucchini, battered and fried, 10 sticks
150
12
52
0,5
0,3
22
Ham, egg and cheese sandwich
348
16
212
3
2
76

7/18/2013

Nutrition during childhood


While peer pressure and TV commercials for junk food can make getting children to eat well seem impossible, there are steps parents can take to instill healthy eating habits without turning mealtimes into a battle zone.

7/09/2013

Infant feeding guidlines


In the weaning stage infants have to learn many manipulative skills, including the ability to chew and swallow solid food and use utensils. They learn to tolerate various textures and flavors of food, eat with their fingers, and then feed themselves with a utensil. Very young children should be encouraged to feed themselves.

7/02/2013

Nutrition requirements during breast-feeding


Lactation is nutritionally demanding, especially for the mother who nurses her infant exclusively for a number of months.

6/20/2013

5 breast-feeding problems


Insufficient milk supply is rarely a problem for the well-fed, well-rested, and unstressed mother. Sucking stimulates the flow of milk, thus feeding on demand should supply ample amounts of milk to the infant. If the baby continues to gain weight and length steadily, has at least six to eight wet diapers daily, and has frequent stools, the milk supply is probably adequate. 

6/18/2013

6/14/2013

Daily food guide for pregnant/lactating woman


Nutritious, well-balanced eating can be one of the greatest gifts you give to your unborn baby. No matter how many weeks are left on your pregnancy, it's never too late to start a new, healthy lifestyle.

Supplement for pregnant woman



When you’re expecting a baby and you want to do the best for your own health and the health of your baby. So should you be taking food supplements? It turns out to be a trickier question than you might think. There’s one exception, which is that all women should take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily before pregnancy and throughout the first 12 weeks of pregnancy to reduce the risk of defects in the baby’s spinal cord. It is ideal to get enough nutrients during pregnancy from food sources, but taking a supplement can be a pragmatic response to a lack of certain vitamins and minerals. 

5/29/2013

Meals for weight gain

For gaining weight an allowance of 500 to 1000 extra calories per day you should get. Daily energy requirements can be calculated on the basis of the individual’s present weight. If 2000 calories is normally needed to maintain present weight, 2500 to 3000 calories would be required to achieve weight gain. The intake should be increased gradually to these levels to avoid gastric discomfort and periods of discouragement or electrolyte imbalance and heart dysfunction.